Sudden abdominal disorders can be caused by a virus infection, food poisoning or a bacterial infection (such as salmonella).
The symptoms may be vomiting, diarrhea, fever, a general feeling of not being well and/or weakness. Regardless of the agent that has caused the disorder, the treatment is the same: rest and liquids in sufficient quantities (for an adult about 3 liters/day). A good mixture to drink in the case of diarrhea is the following: 1 liter of boiled water + 4 heaped teaspoons sugar + 1/2 teaspoon salt. You should continue on a liquid diet until vomiting and the worst diarrhea is over, usually 1/2 to 1 day. Then foods can be eaten for instance as blueberry soup, scrambled eggs, porridge cooked in water, yogurt, rice, vegetable soup. Avoid uncooked milk, coffee and fried foods until you feel completely recovered.
If there was fever connected with the diarrhea, there is reason to have a stool sample analyzed for salmonella, especially after a trip abroad, or if you are involved with the food industry or nursing. The nurse at the Finnish Student Health Service Center can give you a referral for an analysis and further instructions for treatment.
Article made by:
MD Mikael Nyström