This document provides instructions on how to respond to situations where a student receives a skin puncture caused by a needle or other item that is contaminated by blood or blood-stained secretion or body fluid. These instructions are also applicable in response to the splashing of blood into the eyes or mouth or onto broken skin.
Contact your supervisor at the beginning of your practical training placement period to find out what the instructions are for that specific unit.
1. FIRST AID
First rinse the puncture, wound or contaminated area with plenty of water and then with A 12 T solution. Only use water to rinse eyes or mouth. Do not squeeze the wound area.
2. VERIFY THE PATIENT'S CONTAMINATION RISK STATUS, HAVE LABORATORY TESTS TAKEN
Tell the patient you were caring for when the accident happened what happened. Ask if the patient has a blood-borne infection. Contact your supervisor for instructions on what to do. In accordance with the department/ward/clinic-specific instructions, the patient you were caring for at the time of the accident should be asked for their permission to undergo blood tests. These tests are taken at the hospital or health care centre in question.
Yourself as the sufferer of needlestick injury need to provide the O sample (blood-borne infection recipient package) at the unit in which you are doing your placement. Your supervisor will give you the referral for laboratory tests.
If the accident takes place during out-of-hours in the evening, the sample can be taken the following morning.
3. FURTHER MEASURES
Make sure you are informed about the laboratory test results and find out from your supervisor if any further measures are needed.